Jaundice

Jaundice

This refers to a yellow discoloration of the skin, whites of the eyes and mucous membranes which is caused by elevated bilirubin in the blood. High bilirubin (hyperbilirubinemia) may result from a myriad of inherited or acquired disorders, but is often a result of chronic liver disease. Other common acute causes of jaundice include viral hepatitis, alcoholic hepatitis, cholangitis, hemolysis, or drug-induced jaundice. Diagnosis of jaundice is made by physical examination and a simple blood test which measures the level of bilirubin in the blood.Treatment involves treating the underlying cause, as well as directed treatment of itching which is a common symptom of jaundice.